TSM Research Farm at Catlin, Illinois, USA     December 2000 Articles

homehomehomehomehomehomehomeNewsletter HomehomehomeTSM Home



TSM® Research Plots

By Randy Simonson, Ph.D.
Technical Services Manager

Another crop season is over and everything is harvested.  The growing season was pretty good this year, although we did get dry in July and August.  Still, we were very happy with the yields from the TSM® Research Farm.

The corn hybrid used for the main fertility trial was Kruger K-9012.  The high treatment was 191 bu/acre in treatment TSM® A with TSM® E closely behind.  As I mentioned, it got a little dry in our area this year and most of the corn yields in the area ranged from 135 to 160 bu./acre.  Thus, we are extremely pleased with the yields in this plot.  As the table shows, the university treatments yielded 11 bu./acre less than the TSM® E treatment.  The TSM® I is still holding its own after eight years on this very low budget fertility program.


2000 TSM® Research Farm, Catlin, Illinois
Corn Yields
TreatmentCorn (bu/acre) - Kruger K-9012
Rep 1Rep 2Rep 3Rep 4Rep 5Mean
TSM® A179206197203169191
TSM® E186193195202169189
TSM® I177187189198165183
U of IL170183203164172178
Tri-State167188197167169178
Conventional183190200160176182


Part of the reason the yields around this area were lower was because much of the corn fell down, which made it very difficult to combine.  But we did not have any problems with this Kruger variety.  It stood like a tree, not falling down at all.

The soybeans also yielded well in spite of the weather.  The high treatment was TSM® E with 63.6 bu./acre.  Next was TSM® A and the University of IL recommendations.  Conventional and Tri-State were close behind these and
TSM® I brought up the rear with 55 bu./acre which is still good for this year.

The soybean variety used was a brand new Novartis variety, S38-T8.  I was very pleased with this variety, as it looked good and yielded very well.  S38-T8 also is resistant to soybean cyst nematodes.


2000 TSM® Research Farm, Catlin, Illinois
Soybean Yields

TreatmentSoybeans (bu/acre) - Novartis S38-T8
Rep 1Rep 2Rep 3Rep 4Rep 5Mean
TSM® A56.674.563.853.053.560.3
TSM® E66.977.963.550.559.363.6
TSM® I57.361.663.648.543.855.0
U of IL74.973.961.844.345.160.0
Tri-State69.171.049.450.553.558.7
Conventional70.367.767.050.044.659.9


The eight-year corn and soybean means of each fertilizer treatment show the TSM® E treatment is still yielding the best for both crops.  Note the difference between TSM® E and the University for corn and soybeans for each year.


2000 TSM® Research Farm, Catlin, Illinois
1993-2000 Corn Yields

TreatmentCorn (bu/acre)
19931994199519961997199819992000Mean
TSM® A140202160152175174217191176
TSM® E135216163161185173217189180
TSM® I135202157146169163210183171
University #1127209160151182170215178174
University #2   142173169214178175


2000 TSM® Research Farm, Catlin, Illinois
1993-2000 Soybean Yields

TreatmentSoybeans (bu/acre)
19931994199519961997199819992000Mean
TSM® A575843536452726057
TSM® E627344576155726461
TSM® I586540546052625556
University #1566538565752656056
University #2   565453665958




Back to TopnextnextnextnextnextNext Article










Variable Rate Fertilizer Application

By Randy Simonson, Ph.D.
Technical Services Manager

Small grid sampling and applying fertilizer accordingly has gained in popularity over whole field composite sampling and then fertilizing the whole field.  Going to smaller grids should allow the more proper type and amount of fertilizer to be applied and thus higher yields should be produced.

This trial uses three different types of recommendations:  TSM® E, University of IL and Tri-State.  The VRT treatments consist of making separate fertilizer recommendations for each of the five replications.  The non-VRT treatments for each recommendation type are made from averaging the soil analysis of the five reps, thus representing a whole field composite.

The results show yield increases for the VRT treatments with the TSM® E and the University of IL recommendations, 3 and 5 bu./acre increases, respectively. However, there was no difference with the Tri-State recommendations.

Obviously, the greater the variation in the field, the greater the yield benefit should be from using VRT.


2000 TSM® Research Farm
Catlin, Illinois
VRT vs. Non-VRT

TreatmentCorn (bu/acre) - Novartis N6423
Rep 1Rep 2Rep 3Rep 4Rep 5Mean
TSM® VRT174177179162161171
TSM® Non-VRT163181173168156168
U of IL VRT173182176176162174
U of IL Non-VRT170169171163170169
Tri-State VRT166164180167151166
Tri-State Non-VRT174176164159156166




Back to TopnextnextnextnextnextNext Article










Testing Pelletized Chicken Manure

By Randy Simonson, Ph.D.
Technical Services Manager

This year we fertilized corn and soybean plots with pelletized chicken manure. This is a two-stage trial.  The first stage is to observe how the manure will increase yields on this low fertility field.  The second stage will be in a few years when the soil tests go too high from the manure applications.  We want to find the point at which the yield will start going down because the phosphorus and potassium levels are too high.  Fields with very high fertility levels are of great environmental concern, but there also is concern that production will suffer from very high phosphorus and potassium levels.  This data will allow us to make better nutrient management plans.

Below is a chart with the description of the 10 treatments used on the Pelletized Chicken Manure Plots.  The amount of chicken manure varied from 185 lbs./acre to 6.7 tons/acre, which is the maximum amount of manure allowed to provide the nitrogen for the crop.  The analysis of the manure is 60-80-60/ton, thus the amount of P and K applied in some treatments was substantial as the two tables below show.

Treatment descriptions for the Pelletized Chicken Manure Plots:

  1. TSM® E
  2. TSM® MM - half of fertilizer is manure
  3. TSM® Max - maximum amount according to nitrogen need until P>300, then only enough to satisfy P need (12000 lbs./A CR, 11000 lbs./A SY)
  4. TSM® +100 - manure according to +100 P lbs-to-balance (6400 lbs./A CR, 5000 lbs./A SY)
  5. TSM® +200 - manure according to +200 P lbs-to-balance (8900 lbs./A CR, 7500 lbs./A SY)
  6. TSM® +300 - manure according to +300 P lbs-to-balance (11400 lbs./A CR, 10000 lbs./A SY)
  7. U of IL
  8. I of IL MM - half of fertilizer is manure
  9. Tri-State
  10. Tri-State MM - half of fertilizer is manure

2000 TSM® Research Farm
Pelletized Chicken Manure Plots
Fertilizer and Manure Applied for Corn

TreatmentTSM®
Grade
Amount
of Grade
From FertilizerFrom ManureTotal
P
(lbs/A)
K
(lbs/A)
Micros
(lbs/A)
Applied
(Tons/A)
P
(lbs/A)
K
(lbs/A)
P
(lbs/A)
K
(lbs/A)
TSM® E2270477147   4771
TSM® MM2MM370335524 754060
TSM® Max    306.7535400535400
TSM®+1006175 87313.3265200265287
TSM®+2006175 87314.5360270360357
TSM®+3006120 59216480360480419
U of I  9885    9885
U of I MM  9179 185 lbs/A769885
Tri-State  98110    98110
Tri-State MM  91104 185 lbs/A7698110


2000 TSM® Research Farm
Pelletized Chicken Manure Plots
Fertilizer and Manure Applied for Soybeans

TreatmentTSM®
Grade
Amount
of Grade
From FertilizerFrom ManureTotal
P
(lbs/A)
K
(lbs/A)
Micros
(lbs/A)
Applied
(Tons/A)
P
(lbs/A)
K
(lbs/A)
P
(lbs/A)
K
(lbs/A)
TSM® E4150176028   1760
TSM® MM3MM250145017 541954
TSM® Max650 2596.2500375500400
TSM®+100695 47172.4190140190187
TSM®+200680 31153.7300225300256
TSM®+300675 29145400300400329
U of I  48102    48102
U of I MM  4398 125 lbs/A5448102
Tri-State  75133    75133
Tri-State MM  70129 125 lbs/A5475133


Composted, pelletized chicken manure produced significant yield increases in corn and soybeans.  The difference between the normal TSM® E recommendation with commercial fertilizer and the highest yielding treatments with manure was 25 bu./acre in both corn and soybeans.  In most instances, the more manure that was applied, the more the crop yielded.  However, there were a couple of exceptions to this.  Adding small amounts of manure (185 lbs/acre in corn and 125 lbs/acre in soybeans) produced mixed results.  Also, in the soybeans where 6.2 tons/acre manure was applied in the TSM® Max treatment, the yield was slightly less than the yield for TSM®® +300 treatment which received 5 ton/acre manure.


2000 TSM® Research Farm
Pelletized Chicken Manure Plots
Yield Results for Corn and Soybeans

TreatmentCorn (bu/acre) - Novartis N70-D5Soybeans (bu/acre) - Novartis S38-T8
Rep 1Rep 2Rep 3Rep 4MeanRep 1Rep 2Rep 3Rep 4Mean
TSM® E1851581531891714834267145
TSM® MM1771591491751654729296643
TSM® Max1732171991931966864588569
TSM®+1001451961792091826244497357
TSM®+2001612031782061875260548864
TSM® +3001932051792021956856659070
U of I1541761501781654326287142
U of I MM1791601651771704533227243
Tri-State1811641461841694728236340
Tri-State MM1761611501831684638296644




Back to TopnextnextnextnextnextNext Article










Let's Talk Base-Mix & Pre-Mix

By Kent Durbin, President
TSM® Services, Inc.

As some of you already know, we have had to drop the TSM® Pre-Mix(SS),
TSM® Pre-Mix(SSS) and the TSM® Pre-Mix(SS+) grades.  SIMS Ag Products of Mt. Gilead made these grades and has recently shut their doors.  It was at this time that we decided to consolidate our offerings.

Today we have two (2) products for the dry blender and one (1) product for the suspension or liquid dealer.

For the dry blend dealers:

TSM® Base-Mix

TSM® Pre-Mix

For the suspension or liquid dealers:

TSM® Base-Mix(FC)

The (FC) indicates that the product is made by FRIT Industries and is a dry chelate.

For the dry blender: (suffix identifies the manufacturer)( "F" is FRIT Industries, Ozark, AL; "C" is Cameron Chemicals, Chesapeake, VA and "A" is AGRIUM, Reese, MI).  All three manufacturers make the same product.  Although, these products have the same approximate analysis, they may differ in solubility, etc. Check with the manufacturer for differences.

Having fewer products all made by three suppliers will give us more flexibility in being able to supply you on a timely basis.  Check the new Blue Pages in your TSM® Dealer Manual for prices and quality differences.  If you need new Blue Pages, see your TSM® Account Executive.





Back to TopnextnextnextnextnextNext Article










Puzzle of the Month: "The Birds"


Two cars are 120 miles from each other on a straight road.  They drive towards each other at 30 mph (relative to the road).

At the instant they set off, a bird leaves one car, flying towards the other at 60 mph.  When it reaches the second car it turns back to the first car, and continues flying back and forth till the cars pass each other.

When the cars pass, how far has the bird flown? (Total distance, not how far from starting point.)





Back to TopnextnextnextnextnextNext Article










Kent's Korner

By Kent Durbin, President
TSM® Services, Inc.

We have really been busy this fall.  Yet, we find ourselves a few thousand acres behind what we had last year at this time.  Some dealers are saying that the farmer is "laid-back" on fertilizing this fall.  If this is the case, we can expect a very good spring.

Our research plots this year have really done well.  I had a farmer stop me and ask what we were doing on the research plots to make them look so good.  I told him that we used the TSM® (Total Soil Management®) program.  I still think he thought we had something up our sleeve we were not telling.  Is the TSM® program too good to be true?  It certainly is the best I know of.

We are always looking for something to improve the TSM® program.  Over the years, we have tried many products and ideas.  It seems that these products and ideas work on conventional fertility programs but we find that the TSM® is already doing it.  The latest product that looked very promising was "TSM® 1" a foliar fertilizer.  We are still testing this product.  This past year, we started testing the use of composted chicken manure.

Our first year's results are real promising.  We plan on coming out this winter with a new program using composted chicken manure along with the TSM® program.  Organic compost plus Total Soil Management® will undoubtedly be the next big thrust in soil fertility.

Because of the great success we have had with Kruger Seed, we have decided to consider developing a variety selection program.  We now have the authorization to sell Kruger Seed anywhere within our market area, watching out for existing dealers.  We will not sell over the top of an existing dealer.  If you would be interested in a variety selection program for your dealership call Randy Simonson here in the main office or email him at

Looking forward to seeing you at our Winter Conferences.  Be sure and send us your registration forms.





Back to TopnextnextnextNewsletter HomehohomehomeTSM Home






© 2003 TSM® Services, Inc.